Dien Khanh ancient citadel

Learn about historical works associated with the patriotic fighting tradition of the Vietnamese people. Dien Khanh Ancient Citadel is a destination for cultural exploration

Thành cổ Diên Khánh, một di tích lịch sử văn hóa nổi tiếng tại huyện Diên Khánh, tỉnh Khánh Hòa. Là biểu tượng của nhiều sự kiện lịch sử quan trọng. Được xây dựng vào năm 1793 bởi chúa Nguyễn trong thời kỳ chiến tranh với Tây Sơn, Thành Diên Khánh nằm cách thành phố Nha Trang 10 km về phía Tây.

After Nguyen Hue died, the Tay Son dynasty weakened, Nguyen Anh, Vo Tanh and Nguyen Van Truong led troops to attack Dien Khanh and decided to build this place into a solid base, a solid defense belt from afar. The area of ​​the citadel is about 36,000 m², and is a military architectural complex in the Vauban style, a popular model in the 17th - 18th centuries in Western Europe. The wall is hexagonal in shape, has a circumference of 2,693 m, is made of earth, is about 3.5 m high, and is surrounded by a moat from 3 to 5 m deep and 20 to 30 m wide.​​​​​.

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Diagram of the Ancient Citadel in the past - Photo: Wikipedia

The typical architecture of Dien Khanh ancient citadel includes a deep moat system and two internal stairs used as a way up and down. The corners of the citadel are protruding for easy observation and each corner has a large area of ​​land used as a garrison. The corner bastion, a prominent feature of Vauban architecture, was used to house cannons. The citadel is also planted with many bamboo and thorn trees to increase its stability and form a defensive fence​.

Initially, the citadel had 6 gates, but now only 4 gates remain: East, West, Tien (South), and Hau (North), with the East and West gates connected by a single road. The citadel's gates were built of burnt bricks and plastered with lime mortar, with arches and walkways underneath, reflecting the advanced construction techniques and defensive designs of the time.​.

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Dien Khanh Ancient Citadel seen from satellite. Photo: Google Maps

Dien Khanh Ancient Citadel is not only a military project but also a cultural heritage, containing many historical, military, architectural, and artistic values, reflecting a rich history and indomitable spirit. of the Vietnamese people

Dien Khanh Ancient Citadel plays an important role in the tourism picture of Khanh Hoa province, because it is not only a historical relic but also an attractive destination for tourists interested in cultural tourism. The solidity and uniqueness of Vauban architecture, along with the rich historical story it contains, have turned Dien Khanh Citadel into one of the must-see attractions when visitors come to Khanh Hoa.

Vị trí của thành cổ, cách trung tâm thành phố Nha Trang khoảng 10km về hướng Tây, nên có thể dễ dàng di chuyển từ trung tâm, đồng thời cũng cung cấp một góc nhìn sâu hơn vào lịch sử và văn hóa của khu vực Nam Trung Bộ Việt Nam. Du lịch lịch sử, như tại Thành cổ Diên Khánh, giúp du khách hiểu thêm về quá khứ của địa phương, qua đó tạo ra một trải nghiệm du lịch phong phú và đa dạng hơn.

In addition to its historical value, Dien Khanh Citadel also contributes to Khanh Hoa tourism by combining cultural, educational and entertainment activities. Visitors can participate in tours, workshops on history and architecture, or attend cultural events held here. This not only enriches the experience for visitors but also contributes to preserving and promoting the value of the monument.

With the development of historical tourism, Dien Khanh Citadel is not only a symbol of the past but also an important bridge to spread Vietnam's cultural and historical values to international friends. , contributing to enriching the tourism image of Khanh Hoa in particular and Vietnam in general. This shows that Dien Khanh Citadel is not only important for those interested in history but also for those who are passionate about exploring culture and tourism.

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